god based morality
Here’s another good thought from the Cambridge Companion to Atheism. The author of this chapter is addressing the question of morality – Can you be moral without god? Amazingly, his arguments are so compelling that, by the end of the chapter, you’re left with the inverse question: Can you be at all moral if you base your morals on god? Here’s one of the more cogent arguments ,
For if voluntarism were true, then two situations could have different moral properties even if there were no natural differences between them whatsoever. One system of apartheid could be unjust, but a complete clone of that system need not be unjust – if God’s attitudes to the two tokens of the same type were different. In this conflict between supervenience and voluntarism, it is easier to accept supervenience than voluntarism. (p. 153)
In the quote, voluntarism is basically defined as “something being “good” because the god/gods say it is good”. Thus, the author argues, a god can contradict itself by simply pointing to one thing and saying it is good and pointing to a seperate, but identical thing, and saying it is bad. In short, basing your morality on god’s will is basing your morality on the whims of an unknowable deity. Not a particularly safe bet.