Is apostasy due to blind faith?
Myths abound about why people check out of Hotel Mormonism.Â Most devout Mormons dismiss the professed motives of their doubting or formerly believing brothers and sisters as a matter of course.Â Principle, rational thought, and conscience cannot possibly have been involved.Â No, if a person doubts or leaves the church, mentally or otherwise, there must be a sin somewhere.Â One common interpretation holds that coffee and cocktails are so appealing that tens of thousands of us erstwhile tithe-payers have been willing to hand in our exaltation.Â Another insists that people leave because some thoughtless member really, really pissed them off.Â Others cite laziness, sexual immorality, or a vast anti-Mormon conspiracy.
One cannot help but want to sympathize with the true believers making these rationales, just a little bit.Â They really have to tell themselves this.Â After all, we â€œapostatesâ€ were just like them once.Â Itâ€™s easier to imagine apostasy derives from coffee beans, alcohol, or unsympathetic home teachers than to contemplate that there, but for the grace of God, go you next.
But there is another kind of myth about post-Mormon motives.Â Itâ€™s just as mistaken, if more subtle for being espoused by a fairly articulate, sophisticated group of devout Mormons who canâ€™t afford the luxury of burying their heads in the sand.Â These folks, most of whom have encountered the vagaries and inconsistencies of LDS doctrine and history that nearly all believers hide from, often congregate in the self-selecting virtual wards of cyberspace (sometimes called the Bloggernacle, or â€˜Nacle for short).
These â€˜Naclers at least do post-Mormons the courtesy of acknowledging the reasons we cite for leaving.Â Theyâ€™ve run into and debated many of the post-Mormons who congregate in the Disaffected Mormon Underground (DAMU), so they know the overwhelming majority of us leave over questions of church history, doctrine, and ethics.
Any semblance of understanding ends there, however.Â â€˜Naclers and post-Mormons are decidedly not on the same side.Â â€˜Naclers are self-styled defenders of the faith, not questioners.Â Their own encounter with the great big grey areas in Mormonism that the church goes out of its way not to talk about leads them to believe that they have superior insight into why people leave.
One quote I read recently represents this concept nicely.Â (Iâ€™m sorry to say I only have it at second hand, so I donâ€™t know the original source.)Â Said one â€˜Nacler:Â Generally the DAMU were blind faithers who hang on every word, couldn’t handle that the GA’s are flawed people like the rest of us, etc. Had they questioned from the get-go, used the sprit [sic] for discernment and learned to ignore some of the false prophets in our ranks, they’d have been ok.
Here again, itâ€™s hard not to sympathize a little, because â€˜Naclers put themselves in an unenviable position.Â Unlike the orthodox â€œblind faithers,â€ they canâ€™t avail themselves of the conceit of ignoring Mormonismâ€™s more glaring problems.Â And unlike post-Mormons, they donâ€™t get the benefit of carrying the contradictions between LDS truth claims and reality to their logical conclusion.
In the â€˜Nacle, two conflicting ideas must be held side-by-side in perpetual tension, like matter and antimatter separated by an all-too-permeable forcefield, that could blow fragments of your warp engines to Ceti Alpha Five if you donâ€™t maintain constant vigilance.Â One is that the LDS church is true.Â The second is that the things that the LDS church harps on to demonstrate its truthfulness arenâ€™t always true.
In other words, the church is true, but the truth claims are sometimes problematic or misunderstood, so we must revise our understanding of the truth claims accordingly.Â The fatal flaw of us post-Mormons is that we just werenâ€™t sophisticated enough to see that.Â Had we had the decency to see things in shades of grey rather than just black and white, we might have developed a more authentic, enduring faith.
Well, darn me to fetchinâ€™ heck, call me to repentance, and send me back to tithing settlement.Â All this time, I thought the problem was with the church!Â I thought that claiming to be one thing but actually being something else was its problem.Â But, no, the problem is that I took the churchâ€™s claims at face value!Â Silly me.
Sorry, guys, I donâ€™t buy it.Â Let me set the record straight, drawing on my own experience.Â Iâ€™d bet that many DAMU types will concur.Â In my own case, it was the quest for more authenticity, more rational depth, more humanity in my faith that led me to where I am.Â I spent years trying to transcend the blind faith of LDS teaching.Â I was looking for the kind of â€œenlightened faithâ€ the â€˜Nacle espouses.
And just so weâ€™re clear that Iâ€™m not speaking from hindsight, let me quote myself from journal entries written during that time.Â You see, I was quite conscious of the journey toward enlightened faith I saw myself making.
â€œI truly hope that I will be able to apply and teach others about what Iâ€™ve learned here,â€ I wrote near the end of my mission in 1998.Â â€œThe members of the church in general need to learn some of the same lessons.Â Weâ€™re too proud, too traditional, too wrapped up in ceremonies that we donâ€™t try to understand.â€Â That seems like a funny lesson to learn on your mission.Â Apparently blind faith and rote practices werenâ€™t cutting it for me.Â Letâ€™s read on.
Late in 1999, thinking about the church in light of 3 Nephi 26:9 and 11, I wrote, â€œThisâ€¦seems to indicate that the church is what He has given us now, suited for our time and needs, to try our faith, until He can give us greater things.Â Perhaps after this life, as certain church leaders have said, â€¦the organization of the church as we know it will simply not be necessary.â€Â Some people would say that the church is perfect even if the people are not.Â I often said that the gospel is perfect even though the church is not.Â I could be wrong, but thatâ€™s not a â€œblind faithâ€ reading.
November 6, 2000:Â â€œHistory and scripture should complement each other, even if we do not always understand exactly how.Â After all, weâ€™re supposed to learn â€˜by study and also by faith.â€™â€Â I was encountering serious problems with the LDS penchant for scriptural literalism, but here Iâ€™m calling for synthesis of study and faith, not blind faith.
June 17, 2001:Â â€œDuring Priesthood today we were discussing the nature of truth and I made a plug for the idea that truth is truth, regardless of the source, and that while some truths may be universally applicable (I mentioned the Atonement as an example), others are only applicable in a given setting or context, but that doesnâ€™t make them untrue.Â I think we sometimes regard â€˜religiousâ€™ or â€˜revealedâ€™ truth as the only real truth, but even those have occasionally changed.â€Â Yes, I knew quite well that there were some pesky past prophets who occasionally spoke as men, darn them.
July 15, 2001: Â â€œThe Sunday School lesson [my wife and I] taught today was on avoiding personal apostasy, and I thought it would be worthwhile to mention LDS â€˜inspirationalâ€™ books, by General Authorities or otherwise, as occasionally being dubious as to their veracityâ€¦â€Â Am I mistaken, or was I not explicitly saying â€” teaching in Gospel Doctrine, no less! â€” that there were â€œfalse prophetsâ€ among us, that General Authorities were â€œflawedâ€?
An entry for December 26, 2001 put it even more starkly:Â â€œEven the great patriarchs were human and made mistakes, even doing ethically questionable things, something which Mormon commentators refuse to allow.Â No, we have to invent excuses to protect these men from ever having committed the least wrongdoing, because heaven forbid we should ever admit that our great role models were human.â€
And if this horse isnâ€™t dead already, let me kick it once more, with an entry from May 26, 2002 (about a year before a final epiphany made a post-Mormon out of me): â€œBeing a prophet doesnâ€™t make you infallible or even immune to good suggestions.â€
That doesnâ€™t sound like blind faith to me.
True, I was raised with, or in a sense converted to (my family was less active throughout my childhood; I activated myself at 15), the kind of black-and-white blind faith we all roll our eyes at.Â Iâ€™m going to bet that most â€˜Naclers started out â€œblind faithers,â€ too.Â There arenâ€™t many Mormons who have the information to question â€œfrom the get-go.â€Â Considering that most of us got our formative information from the church, it takes a little effort to get the get-go going.
But I came to see soon enough that such faith didnâ€™t work.Â When reality came knocking at my door, I didnâ€™t flee from its challenge.Â Instead, I reconfigured my beliefs so I wouldnâ€™t have to give up on them.Â I took it as a test of my faith.Â I confronted racism, sexism, homophobia, failed prophecies, illogical doctrines, exclusionary practices, outmoded thinking, and historical inconsistencies.Â And rather than abandoning my faith, I tried to assimilate them with a more expansive view of the gospel under the thinking that it could all be circumscribed into one great faith-promoting whole.Â Indeed, as I began to achieve a fragile new synthesis, I turned on my old orthodoxy with the same contempt â€˜Naclers hold for the â€œblind faithers.â€
As anyone can see from years of journal entries, I was more than happy to live with â€œflawed peopleâ€ as leaders of the church and to turn aside from â€œfalse prophets.â€Â That was not the problem as such.Â The problem was that the cumulative weight of the evidence against the church â€” historical, doctrinal, and experiential â€” eventually came to tip the scale.Â Frankly, it was like stacking lead bars opposite the churchâ€™s chicken feathers.Â At some point you can no longer ignore it and be honest with yourself.
In any event, what else are you left with?Â What does it mean to sustain â€œprophetsâ€ who donâ€™t prophesy, â€œseersâ€ who canâ€™t see, and â€œrevelatorsâ€ whose revelations are actually personal opinions?Â How do you bear testimony of Joseph Smith when you know your testimony is based on things that didnâ€™t really happen?Â The LDS church claims to be â€œthe only true and living church upon the face of the whole earthâ€ (D&C 1:38).Â How much can you water that down before the very concept of the church being â€œtrueâ€ is just an empty phrase?
For some, this takes only weeks, or even days.Â For me, it took years.Â It is never inevitable in every case.Â For some, it never happens â€” they find their happy grey area and stake out their position there.Â In any event, I was not looking to discard my faith.Â I wasnâ€™t even looking to challenge it as such.Â I was looking to validate it, to vindicate it, to endure to the end in faith so that the Lord would call me at the last day and say, â€œWell done, thou good and faithful servant.â€
So youâ€™ve got it wrong, â€˜Naclers.Â We arenâ€™t former â€œblind faithersâ€ who couldnâ€™t handle complexity.Â Many of us were â€œenlightened faithersâ€ who reveled in that complexity until it became obvious that we were kidding ourselves.
Weâ€™re not as unlike you as it may be convenient to think.Â In reality, weâ€™re almost identical.Â All that separates the Bloggernacle from the DAMU is a carefully constructed psychological wall â€” a remnant, ironically, of long years of orthodox, â€œblind faithâ€ instruction â€” that crumbles under the influence of the right concatenation of ideas.Â
And coffee.Â Donâ€™t forget the coffee.Â In any event, youâ€™ll need it to stay awake the long nights reading â€œall thingsâ€ in a new light.